Among various types of construction projects, building renovation projects always give us the most curiosity. There are more and more such transformation projects around the world, such as the Shanghai Museum of Contemporary Art, which was originally transformed from the Nanshi Power Plant. Among them, art space is one of the most common types of old building renovation, and it is usually the most anticipated, because the art exhibition has very high requirements on space - light, fluidity and variability, all of which are indispensable.
From the former slaughterhouse to the ice rink, the following eight European old buildings have been transformed into artistic spaces; in addition to the forward-looking design concept, the most valuable thing is the architect’s height of the original architecture and history. Respect and carefully protect the soul of the building.
KÖNIG GALERIE|Berlin, Germany|Predecessor: Church
KÖNIG GALERIE is hidden in a small street in the Kreuzberg district of Berlin and was converted from a church. The church was built in 1967 and is a representative of the Fauvism style. In 2011, it was purchased by Berlin's famous gallery and art dealer Johann König, and local architect Arno Brandlhuber was invited to remodel this behemoth without windows and concrete structures.
The modified KÖNIG GALERIE has a rough and original appearance, but the inner space is very calm and soft; the light penetrates slowly from the skylights and the wall gap, making it ideal for displaying artworks.
?Alexandrinenstraße 118, 10969 Berlin, Germany
ARQUIPELAGO|São Miguel Island, Portugal|Predecessor: Factory
Located on the island of IIa de S. Miguel in the Portuguese Outer Sea Islands, Menos é Mais Arquitectos collaborated with architect João Mendes Ribeiro to transform an old tobacco and alcohol warehouse into the contemporary art center “Arquipélago”. Two distinct structures – two white and one black, adjacent to the original stone warehouse building, create unique light and shadow.
The 12,000 square meter space includes galleries, artist studios, laboratories, performance venues and artists' living areas. Built with local basalt concrete, the new building presents a variety of surface textures and folds that fill the voids of most of the building's patios. The new building mixes old buildings, paying homage to the industrial history of the old factory building, and not only suddenly joining the new building, but also successfully established a peaceful dialogue between the past and the present.
?Ribeira Grande, São Miguel, Portugal
CAN VALLS|Balali, Spain | Predecessor: Farmhouse
The artist Dolors Comas commissioned the Munaq Architecture Institute to transform a dilapidated farmhouse in a wheat field into a dual-function art space: a private studio and a gallery for the public. This is a very low-cost transformation, simple and simple, all designed to respect local characteristics and future development. The reconstructed space retains the original structure, removes the weeds, and the walls of the house are restored to the original building material, a mixture of soil and straw.
The reconstructed building has been extended to create a "L" shape, and the façade is made up of large pieces of stone, rough and original. Through the transformation, the height of the interior space is increased and the lighting is better. The cast-in-place concrete slab runs through two layers of the building, and the interior walls are repainted and painted white, in stark contrast to the exposed wooden ceiling beams and stairs. The glass door entrance is located between the two areas, with a gallery on one side and a studio on the other. For Dolors, this is an unbeatable place, her studio is surrounded by air, plants and tranquility.
?Pla de na Tesa 07141, Islas Baleares, Spain
MERSAULT EXHIBITION SPACE|France Burgundy|Predecessor: Hospital
This is a Roman-style building built in the early 12th century, situated in a Burgundy vineyard. Originally a hospital for leprosy patients, the building was continually refurbished until the 19th century was converted into a farm. Although it was registered as a historical monument in 1926, it was abandoned for several years. In 2015, Paris JUNG Architects and Simon Buri Heritage revived the building and transformed it into a multi-purpose space.
?Mersault, Burgundy 21190, France
MUSEO BAILO|Italy Treviso | Predecessor: Monastery
The Bailo Museum houses many 20th-century works of art, but the museum was temporarily closed 15 years ago due to the need to renovate the former monastery. The closure was not only due to renovations, but also because the Bailo Museum needed a new façade that matched the nature of its public buildings, highlighting its position in the historic city centre; the original building facade experienced a reconstruction in 1952 - through World War II History, the Bailo Museum was destroyed in World War II and was rebuilt in 1952 - but it has now been completely destroyed.
In 2010, Studiomas Architects and Heinz Tesar added two elements to this 15th-century monastery building: the cross-shaped facade of the museum's new entrance and the covered pedestrian passage that forms the new entrance porch space.
?Borgo Camillo Benso di Cavour, 24, 31100 Treviso TV, Italy
LA PATINOIRE ROYAL|Saint Gilles, Belgium | Predecessor: Skating Rink
An ice rink in the Saint Gilles area of Brussels was converted into a space to showcase contemporary art “LA PATINOIRE ROYAL”, which was completed by John-Paul Hermant Architects, Camille Polonceau and interior designer Pierre Yovanovitch. The converted space retains iron roof trusses and rose windows, repairing the exterior walls, buttresses and wooden roofs of the building. The new white staircase guides visitors to explore this 3,000 square meter space.
?Rue Veydt 15, 1060 Saint-Gilles, Belgium
RESIN INTERPRETATION CENTER|Spain Valladolid | Predecessor: Slaughterhouse
Architect Óscar Miguel Ares Álvarez follows the principles of sustainability and transforms a slaughterhouse in the Spanish village of Traspinedo into an exhibition space and community centre.
Within a limited budget of €180,000, the architect wants to: 1. Maintain the integrity of the existing structure and continue the traditional construction; 2. Transform it into a versatile space for better service Local, such as joint office areas, training centers, storage facilities, and more. The furniture in the space is very flexible, the benches are foldable, and the cabinets are used as both storage space and two room partitions.
?Calle Molino, 21, 47330 Traspinedo, Valladolid, Spain
VAC FOUNDATION|Moscow, Russia |Predecessor: Power Plant
The GES2 power plant in Moscow and the two hectares surrounding it will be transformed into a space between the art museum and the cultural center by Renzo Piano Building, which is currently expected to be completed in 2019. Local people are looking forward to the building renovation program, and VAC FOUNDATION is expected to be an exciting cultural destination, including exhibition halls, auditoriums, libraries, bookstores, theaters and cafes, which will provide new opportunities for artists and local audiences. And vitality.
?Olsufievsky pereulok 8, bld.2, Москва 119021, Russia
[This article is Polysh x VOICER Cooperation article]
Join Polysh Facebook Read the latest and interesting architectural and art articles at any time.