A hat, woven from the black movie dream of a boy's heart: the 1915 Chicago Fire Farm's converted hat workshop, OPTIMO

Photography/Tom Rossiter & Tom Fowler & AJ Trela ​​. All Images Courtesy of SOM. OPTIMO, maybe you are a bit strange to this name, the charm of its handmade hats sweeps across the United States, from the 20th century influential blues legendary singer John Lee Hooker, then to contemporary character actor Johnny Depp, wears it in the movie "Public Enemies." The 25-year-old men's handmade hat brand OPTIMO has a memory of the golden age of Hollywood in the torrent of time. It is the heritage of traditional craftsmanship, the highest honor of hand-made caps, or a black movie in a boy's heart. Dream (Film noir). Johnny Depp in the movie "The No. 1 Public Enemy" wears OPTIMO. Image Source: OPTIMO Facebook. Johnny Depp in the movie "The No. 1 Public Enemy" wears OPTIMO. Image Source: OPTIMO Facebook. OPTIMO founder Graham Thompson is fascinated by hats, from Hollywood's "black movie" (Film noir, belonging to detective films or crime films) when he was watching with his father. Wearing a hat and a cowboy hat attracted him; after that, the hat became a must-have symbol for men in his heart. In 1995, Graham officially consulted Johnny Tyus, the traditional hat-maker of the South, and took over the handmade hat shop after he retired. With this passion and obsession, he passed on the traditional hat-making skills in Chicago, USA, and will "handmade." The value of the brand has been carried forward, leading the trend of custom-made caps with a rigorous attitude. ...

Sprouting from the center of the city, the song of the tree on the building: House for Trees

At this time of inciting anxiety, nature has become a scorching earth. As soon as 2014, a seed fell silently in the Tan Binh district of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, turning the human home into a tree of the earth. Vo Trong Nghia Architects (VTN Architects) Architects, in 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – a crowded city with only 0.25% greenery at the time – planted a tropical forest in the siege of a typical Vietnamese townhouse – "House for Trees." The five buildings with a total budget of only about 450,000 Taiwan dollars have become potted plants on the earth and are also the city's flood control drainage system. In the same year, VTN Architects won the AR (Architectural Review) architectural award for recognition. Even in busy big city centers, they (trees) are still part of the earth. The roof of the concrete building is carrying large trees, and they are apartments with people living together. The five buildings with irregular shapes respond to narrow, crowded construction sites. They seem to be stubborn, but they form a small park in the middle of five concrete buildings. The big trees planted on the roof make it cool. The outdoor space, in this hot summer day, provides a gentle shade of greenery. Light and shadow are changing every hour, and the faces of these buildings are different every moment. In order to reduce the carbon footprint, the main body of the building uses pure cement, the outer wall uses local bamboo, and the inner wall also uses local bricks. It is not painted, and has a simple texture. There is a ventilating space between the cement wall and the brick wall to prevent the heat from being caused by the heat in the room. The bamboo fence of the outer wall changes with the sunrise, sunset and time, revealing the ever-changing light and shadow, becoming a natural decorative art, "Let every moment of the building The appearance is different." In addition to the greenery, the outdoor space for connecting the first floor is a public space such as a library and a restaurant; private spaces such as bedrooms and bathrooms are placed on high floors. Space and space are connected by steel belts. For safety and privacy, all large glass windows are open to the green area at the center and remain closed to the outside. Vo Trong Nghia creates a greenery in the dusty city center with a tight budget. It is a symbiotic land and a caring person. It shows that the co-prosperity between man and nature is never a myth, but a fact that you and me are feasible. Photography/ Hiroyuki Oki. All images...

Have a drink? No, drink a classic song list: Frank Sinatra, who is drunk in the jungle, Athens bar Drunk Sinatra & Rehab

Frank Sinatra is undoubtedly one of the most representative singers of the United States in the 20th century. In addition to the singer's body spanning different generations, he released numerous songs such as "Stranger in the Night" and "New York, New York". Its legendary life, even today in the 21st century, is still an unforgettable voice and story. As a singer, Sinatra is also a representative of Oscar's best supporting role, President Kennedy's best friend, and the American Pack artist Rat Pack. The mystery of his relationship with the Mafia, It is to make the legendary life more mysterious. Image Source: Drunk Sinatra Instagram. Image Source: Drunk Sinatra Instagram. I don't forget to put a lot of dollars in copper in my pocket. This interesting habit comes from his rescue of the kidnapped son, Frank Sinatra, which was even made. Into the album; his insistence on racial equality, using his powerful influence, successfully forced casinos and hotels to abolish the apartheid system. Even after his death, the US President and the British Prime Minister also expressed their grief; in the face of the arrival of death, his dying words continue the legend of his style, leaving a sentence: "I want to lose" as a period of great life. Image Source: Rehab Facebook. Image Source: Rehab Facebook. Image Source: Drunk Sinatra Instagram. Inspired by such a legendary figure, the Athens bar "Drunk Sinatra & Rehab" is certainly not a mediocre existence. . Drunk Sinatra & Rehab is a combination of two bars, "Drunk Sinatra" and "Rehab", which are called "Drunk Athens". Bartender Antreas Dimitropoulos leads the partner Dimitris...

Above the border, swim across the blue sky and the world: The Wall House

The Portuguese Riviera is full of sea breeze. In the 19th century, King Louis I of Portugal had a summer residence in this area and on the outskirts of Lisbon. In the modern Riviera, the coastal town of Cascais, which is a fusion of the ancient city, is home to a minimalist residence, The Wall House; the vast greenery of national parks and golf courses. In the air, the sun, the wind and the water, dress yourself up. In the nineteenth century, Louis I abolished the crime of death and slavery. This concern for the king of the people led the holiday style of Cascais, so that Riviela is still a holiday paradise for Europeans until today. Leisurely and Yuyu, the sea breeze on the Atlantic coast and the beaches of Weihai, the waves beat the rocky reefs, which is different from the rest of Portugal. The black and white staggered tile floor and the street of the ancient city are interspersed with the detached villas along the coast and the colorful and lovely ancient houses. The boat yachts docked in the two are intertwined into a holiday scenery; the impression of the 18th century Nanfa seaside resort continues. Riviela became synonymous with the ocean wind; the summer wind boasted, people can not help but sleep. The minimalist private house, The Wall House, built by the Guedes Cruz Arquitectos architectural team, stands in the coastal town of Cascais. "It's like a castle, but it's made of glass and wood instead of stone. The castle not only provides defense, but also the greenness of the symbiosis and the Atlantic sea breeze," the design team explained. The private fort with wood, cement and glass can be connected to the outside world, The Wall House can also pick up the inner wooden walls for privacy; when opening to the outside, the full-faced special glass is completely open to welcome the cool breeze and sun on the Atlantic coast. Look at the green field that I don't know. The most iconic of the entire building is the double-glazed pool with overlapping glass. The first pool is the same height as the ground, and looks like a sky blue glass; on top of it, the second pool of water extends from the other side of the roof – lift a little courage, jump in, boldly slide over the water, from the ground Looking up, the figure that glides over is like a blue sky, clouds and water, and the shimmering reflection of a room gives the magic of a sun. Entering the interior of this low-key, arrogant home, from the bathroom to the wine storage room, kitchen, etc., all in a reasonable space arrangement, giving the home owner a solid life function comparable to the building's appearance. The layers are stacked and hollowed out to open the indoor and outdoor borders; the use of a large number of glass allows the room to be under the sun in the daylight, and the space is full of light. The double-layered L-shaped cross-pool with internal and external open spaces and natural integration is integrated with the low-key and solid beauty of the clear water model; the spiral ladder running through the whole building makes the moving lines of the first and second floors and the basement unobstructed. The indoor garden developed by the spiral ladder echoes the greenery of the outside world, and even the retro green old car parked in the basement is the perfect embellishment. In The Wall House, the wall does not lock a modern architectural bunker, but embraces the surrounding with a transparent border. Outside the border, the visual swims across the grass; above the border, swims through the sky and the world. All images via dwell unless...

Secret Flower House in the 16th Century Convent: Milan Composite Gallery Bar SIX GALLERY

Photography/ Alberto Strada. All images courtesy of SIX GALLERY unless stated otherwise. Like a model on a fashion runway – beautiful, avant-garde, but cold and unrealistic, Milan is on an equal footing with New York, London and Paris in the fashion industry. As with the pride of the sky, it has everything, and it looks like a dazzling eye, leading the world, but if you look back at different endpoints, you will be alienated and confused. This is a prosperous place with a thousand-year history. It was also the place where the plague, plague and carpet bombings were carried out during the 15th and 17th centuries and during World War II. As a flower that is jointly fed by destruction and glory, Milan interweaves an extreme collision, gathering history, humanities, ethnicity, religion, art, philosophy, and combining it into a difficult language—沧雅晦, 泠凝哲美, cum The tip of the era, the stagnation of the stagnation. Milan cathedral. Image Source: EMA Milano. Milan Cathedral. Image Source: EMA Milano. Since the 1st century AD became the capital of the Roman Empire, Milan has been a populous economic and cultural hub in the history of Europe, and in the Renaissance it was the House of Sforza; Leonardo da Vinci and Donato. Donato Bramante has been honoured here with outstanding works. Then, because of the political alliance between the Sforzal family and the Medici family, Milan's architectural style was also greatly affected by Filippo. The influence of Filippo Brunelleschi. It was not until the Milan decree issued in 313 that the Christianity was finally legalized. Since then, many magnificent churches and monasteries have been built in Milan, including the place where Da Vinci’s famous painting “The Last Supper” is located. (Santa Maria delle Grazie). Francesco I Sforza, the founder of the Sforza family in Milan. Image Source: wikipedia. Francesco I Sforza, the founder of the Sforz family in Milan. Image Source:...

Collection of light and shadow: the corner of the Brazilian collector, Collector's Nook

The Brazilian architectural firm mf+arquitetos was founded in 2009 in São Paulo, the largest city in the southern hemisphere, and is involved in numerous commercial spaces, residences and interiors in Brazil. This time they designed a “corner sanctuary” for a collector in Franca, Brazil, applying its style of excellence – “using Brazilian local material to transform it into a neat modern structure”, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. This scented southern city has a simple warmth fortress that can calm down. "Collector's Nook" has a striking warm-colored wood screen wall that runs smoothly throughout the building. In the daytime, the fine-grained wooden screen wall introduces the sunlight, giving the interior space a geometrical light, and at the same time giving the lighting effect of the "life" collection contained in it, and retaining the eyes of the occupants in a low-key and dramatic way. The black and white marble walls are used in the kitchen and bathroom, and the geometric warmth just coincides with the marble walls to create a decorative contrast. "Live, live, come, explore, seek knowledge, travel, receive and grateful - this is the essence of living space." - mf+arquitetos The overall color palette of the space is earthy tones, solid colors of fabrics, furniture, paintings With the furnishings, in the rustic geometry of wood, stone and rhombic wooden walls, the sharpness of the texture of the material is balanced. The abundant greenery splashed inside and outside, blurring the border and exchanging the space; the leafy leaves are full of vitality, reflecting the warm sunshine with fresh green, and the organic swimming lines, like the pen, smudge the geometric color into a smooth . "Simple features, pure form and nature, using natural materials and earth color, with the touch of fabric, the temperature of wood, the nobleness of marble, the quality of the simple intersection of stone and cement." - mf+ Arquitetos It is not difficult to imagine the owner of the "collector's corner", thinking that it is rich in capital; but he knows that a room is not as good as a case of Yao Fang, which is so chic and comfortable. After the madness of life, the end is like a flower, remove the sundries, present the chain itself in this world, no need for the audience; perhaps the design team mf+arquitetos deeply agree, let this Collector's Nook In the hustle and bustle of the city, such as the calming flowers, meditation. Photography/ Felipe Araujo. All Images via mf+arquitetos. Join Polysh Facebook to read the latest and interesting architectural and design articles.

Looking out over the bay, listening to the forest whisper: Architect Jim Olson, a mountain hut in a dream and life

This is an architect's dream and life story of his 60 years of experience with his hands and space blueprints. Jim Olson, founder of the Olson Kundig Architects in Seattle, is also one of the world's top 100 architects and AIA architectural design winner. He has been featured in important journals such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and Architectural Digest, and even more. This book is dedicated to him. But the reputation is magnificent, but this self-built cottage, Olson Cabin, which has been changing from life to life since he entered the school building at the age of 18, is quietly and harmlessly hidden in the forest, just as he The initial heart that did not let go. Image Source: Olson Kundig. Image Source: Olson Kundig. "Over the years, I still think that the cove is my world." - Jim Olson's creation began with Jim Olson's grandfather, in Puget Sound ( Puget Sound) A piece of land in an ancient forest surrounded by tall fir trees. In 1959, when Olson was a first-year student in the architecture department, his father gave him $500 and asked him to build a house on his own land. In the beginning, it was a 14-square-foot cottage with bathroom and bed, and a small glass patio that could be close to the sky. Olson had felt so satisfied that he could have such a small space in the forest. Image Source: Olson Kundig. Image Source: Olson Kundig. Image Source: Olson Kundig. Image...

Light and thin like a wing, gentle as moonlight: light house in Athens

The romance of Paris is a drop of the quaintness of the Athens style, like the old songs of ancient Greek architecture. Located in the suburbs of Athens, Glyfada, every night, you can see the silhouette of the plant on the wall of the building, like an ancient Greek relief sculpture; this is the architectural team 314 Architecture Studio named "H102 Romance Contemporaine's architectural plan, which was hailed as "the place where the Greek rich gathered," created a romantic and innovative roof house, like a piece of white jade, adding a few French feelings to the tranquil atmosphere. An Athens apartment originally built in the 1970s, the appearance of the building team's clever hands, gradually germinated and formed by a monotonous and boring white rectangle, growing into a pair of light-colored wings. The 314 Architecture Studio team, which specializes in white geometrical and warm light, explains: "With a continuous engraving, the whole building is like a transparent body with a lot of light and shadow imprints." The wall, as well as the transparent material selection that changes with the light and shadow, makes the roof have both the ancient Greek memories and the sleek curved shape of the ancient women's gauze. The ironing is the mural poetry carefully crafted by the architectural studio, and a touch of the pair. The future of the city. The interior of the apartment was transformed into a four-story, perpetual building through romantic brushstrokes. The indoor space replaces the wall with tropical plants, constructs a private atrium, and has a second living room to allow internal and external space to circulate, achieve a good air circulation, and reduce energy waste. The second floor and above have a good view, which can be used as a formal gathering space; the top floor is equipped with slidable metal woven curtains, and the master bedroom is boldly set here. It looks like a piece of ancient Greek-style traditional draping, romantic and modern. While retaining privacy, it also frames the ups and downs of the remote Immitos Mountain and the wide blue sky of the Aegean Sea. It is like a magnificent view of the ancient Athens period. Nowadays, the Greek economy is facing difficulties. The rich areas of the capital still pursue the ultimate aesthetics without being affected. It may seem that they are somewhat out of touch, but looking at history, most of the cultural assets we see today are from the past and life. The exquisite pursuit of beauty. Perhaps the reform is not a phenomenon of "richness", but an uneven distribution of wealth and the concept of people's money. If one day people's basic wealth needs can be guaranteed, and the rich people are willing to embrace the hearts of the world, then many artists in the world can create a piece of art in the world like 314 Architecture Studio in Glyfada. Self-occupation. All Images via designboom. Join Polysh Facebook to read the latest and interesting architectural and design articles.

Beginning with a monk's herb garden in 1221: into the oldest fragrance pharmacy in Italy

As early as Dante. Dante Alighieri's Hell to Heaven Tour, Giotto. Di. Giotto di Bondone became the father of Western painting, Giovanni. Before the sculpture of the Siena Cathedral in Giovanni Pisano, Officina Profumo Farmaceutica di Santa Maria Novella was in the hidden corner of Florence, Italy. Beginning in 1221, the hands of Dominican monks extracted the fragrance and fragrance of plants from the secret garden of a temple. Image Source: Officina Profumo Farmaceutica di Santa Maria Novella Facebook. Image Source: Officina Profumo Farmaceutica di Santa Maria Novella Facebook. Before the mysterious fragrance pharmacy was opened to the public in 1612, from the Italian Medici family (Medici) ), Catherine, 14 years old. De. Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de' Medici, the fiancee of King Henry II of the Valois dynasty, with her famous pharmacy in Florence, Santa Maria Novella The "Acqua della Regina" is a scent of bergamot and citrus cologne, and with the crown, it is brilliant on the throne of the King of France. Even if she will be a bloody rain of assassination and conspiracy around her in the future, I believe that the fragrance of her youthful years will not leave her. Catherine de Medici. Image Source:...

Above the cliff, the collision of the waves: the coastal visual architecture of the architectural visualist Alex Hogrefe

The various lines used to divide the world have gradually become blurred in the progress of the times; from the diversity of gender identity, to the cultural blending of the Internet without borders, or the openness of national and national identity – for example The United States has been known for a long time in the saying that "my soul belongs to a certain country." This inclusiveness is also reflected in the choice of work. Today, an architectural graduate is no longer only an architect or a construction-related industry. He can also choose to enter 3D painting, 3D modeling, animation, and more. "Watching" has become an important sensory experience in the modern era. "Vision" has become an important medium for releasing information. The new profession "Architectural Visualiser" was born. Architect Alex Hogrefe graduated with a master's degree in architecture from the University of Miami. He has a background in learning to paint, and he is more focused on how to convey the message through the language of the landscape in addition to the precise and clear composition of the architectural drawings. He does not simply place the building somewhere, but focuses more on the relationship between the architectural landscape and the surrounding landscape and the overall feelings. Alex's personal website was originally a graduation project, but now it has gradually become a teaching website for the students of architecture students; in his works, he peers into his architectural world, and he tries to express the painter's thinking and the message he tries to convey. Adhering to this core concept, Alex also designed the unique "Cliff Retreat". The cliff retreat is based on the cliffs on the west coast of Iceland, facing the sea, backed by the grasslands, smashing the sky, misty, the only light from the interior of the retreat; this is an isolated but broad work, bold Also lonely. Placed in the most dangerous place, the appearance of the building seems to be in jeopardy, but it forms an indescribable "security" in the parcels of the cliff. The setting of the interior space makes it possible to face the fierce waves of the cliff--realistic environment arrangement and design, so that the occupants are immersed in the philosophical atmosphere of being forced to talk to nature and be forced to talk to themselves. A small path is extended inside to provide warmth to the space. In addition to emphasizing the sense of space in "perspective", it is also the only way to connect this unbelievable building with the outside world. Quiet and dangerous, broad and covered, the contrasting key words are intertwined with the space atmosphere, and Alex uses this work to embody the meaning of the “architectural visualist”. Before the advent of "The Cliff Retreat", Alex Hogrefe's personal website originally had only traditional architectural drawings. As his inner contours gradually formed, the design was slowly transformed into a visual orientation. To this day, Alex has provided many simple techniques on the website for the students of the architecture department to use. He also published a teaching article on drawing software for the design of "The Cliff Retreat", reflecting the design process and steps of the work. In the article, the works like "The Cliff Retreat", in addition to the overall perspective of the design and location of the building, it is very important to collect inspiration; in order to find the Icelandic cliff photos that meet the needs, Alex collected more than More than 50 images, and finally select the appropriate image for image processing. From image discharge, lighting (flooding), elemental (render) to hue, detail adjustment and the final tone of the atmosphere, Alex detailed the detailed process of an architectural drawing. Alex Hogrefe's design of "The Cliff Retreat" initially focused on the local details of the space, until his mind became more and more clear in the design process, he took the prototype of the sculpture in his heart, and finally brought this fascinating building to the building. In front of the world. Recalling the experience of life, no matter what kind of occupation and field you are stationed in, creation is nothing more than showing the understanding and values ​​of things in the heart through the works. As I once read in the book: "I didn't sculpt it. I just showed things that existed in it." All images...